加拿大28app官网下载

2015年全球电子政务总体发展概况分析及市场展望
来源:加拿大28app官网下载_加拿大28官网_购彩平台  一、国外电子政府加拿大28app官网下载历程

加拿大28app官网下载     zicong20shiji90niandaimeiguoshoucitichu“dianzizhengfu”jianada28appguanwangxiazaiyilai,jingguojin30niandebuduanfazhanhechuangxin,“dianzizhengfu”zuoweixinxishidaidezhengfuzuzhixingtaihezhilimoshi,yichengweishijiegeguozhengfugaigedezhongyaofangxianghequshi。

加拿大28app官网下载     fadaguojiadianzizhengfujianada28appguanwangxiazailicheng

    cong2000niankaishi,luxuyouyixiedisanfangguojizuzhi、zixungongsi、xueshujigoukaishiduishijiegeguodedianzizhengfujianada28appguanwangxiazaijinxingzonghepingguyupaiming,bingzhunianfabuquanqiudianzizhengfunianducepingbaogao。suiranzaipingguzhibiaotixi、pinggufangfa、pinggufanweishangbujinxiangtong,dancongjinnianlaigejigoudepinggubaogaokeyikanchu,meiguo、jianada、xinjiapodedianzizhengfujianada28appguanwangxiazaishizhongminglieqianmao。tongguoduizheixieguojiadianzizhengfujianada28appguanwangxiazailichengdeyanjiukeyikanchu,fadaguojiadianzizhengfujianada28appguanwangxiazaizhuyaojinglilesigejieduan:

    diyijieduan,xinxifabu(posting of information online)。zheishidianzizhengwudeqibujieduan。jizhengfujintongguowangluofabuyuzhengfuyouguandegonggongjianada28appguanwangxiazaidejingtaixinxi,ruzhengcefagui、banshizhinan、jigoushezhi、zhinengjieshao、chengyuanmingdan、lianluofangshideng;dierjieduan,danxianggoutong(one-way interaction),jizhengfuchulezaiwangshanggongbugonggongjianada28appguanwangxiazaidexinxi,haixiangyonghutigongmouzhongxingshidejianada28appguanwangxiazai。ruyonghukeyicongzhengfuwangzhanshangxiazaibiaoge、baoshuidandeng;disanjieduan,shuangxianghudong(two-way interaction)。zheigejieduandezhengfuheyonghukeyizaiwangshangshixianshuangxianghudong,ruyonghukeyicongzhengfuwangshangxiazaibiaoge,yekeyitijiaobiaoge,fankuixinxiheyijiandeng;disijieduan,quanfangweiwangshangshiwuchuli(full online transactions),jitongguozonghexingdezhengfumenhu,shixianzhengfuyugongzhong、shehui、qiyequanmiandehudong,jiangkuajigou、kuaxingyedezhengfuxinxiziyuanyujianada28appguanwangxiazaizhengheqilai,yigongzhongxuqiuweizhongxin,tigong“yizhanshijianada28appguanwangxiazai”。

加拿大28app官网下载     congmeiguo、jianada、xinjiapodianzizhengfudefazhanlichengkeyikanchu,xinxijishudexunmengfazhanhezhengfugaigelangchaodezhubutuijin,shituidongdianzizhengfufazhandeliangdaqudongyinsu,yeshidianzizhengfufazhandeliangtiaozhuxian。

加拿大28app官网下载     er、quanqiudianzizhengwufazhanxianzhuang

加拿大28app官网下载     cong2003 niankaishiqidong,lianheguodianzizhengwudiaochabaogaodegainiankuangjiajiucaiyongleyizhongquanmiandedianzizhengwufazhanshijiao,zhuyaobiaoxianzaisangezhongyaofangmian: (1) zaixianjianada28appguanwangxiazaidekeyongxing;(2)tongxinjichusheshi;(3)renliziben。zaizhenggediaochajieduan,yanjiufangfashizhongyugainiankuangjiabaochiyizhi,binggenjubuduanchuxiandechenggongdianzizhengwucelve、chuangxinshijianyijiyingduikechixufazhantiaozhandechuangxinfangfaduigegebufenjinxingbuduangengxin。

    lianheguodianzizhengwudiaochabaogaogainiankuangjiajiyuyixiazhidaoyuanze:

    ● diyi,benbaogaozhongdedianzizhengwubeirenweishiyizhongshixianguojiafazhandeshouduan,shizhengfuzhangwodeyigeqiangyoulidegongju。ruguonenggouyouxiaodishiyong,jiunengdafudixiaochujiduanpinkun,baohuhuanjing,zengqiangshehuibaorongxing,bingqienenggaishansuoyourendejingjizhuangkuang,zhichilianheguochengyuanguofazhan。

    ● dier,diaochabaogaojijieguobixujiyugeguozongtidefazhanmoshihefazhancengcilaizhanxianduizaixianzhengwudepinggu,keguandifanyingchengyuanguozaidianzizhengwufangmianqudedechengguohemianlindetiaozhan,tongshiqiangdiaozhengfudechengnuofeichangzhongyao。yinci,bendiaochabaogaodezhuyaohengliangbiaozhunyidianzizhengwuzhunbeigongzuoweijichu,bujinyaokaolvdaoyiwangluoweiyijudeguojiajutidedianzizhengwujihua,haiyaokaolvdaojichusheshiherenliziben。

加拿大28app官网下载     ● disan,diaochabaogaoguanzhudeshi,zhengfukeyitongguodianzizhengwuzheiyishiyonggongjuxianggongzhongtigongjianada28appguanwangxiazai,yitigaogongzhongcanyuduheshehuibaorongxing。

    ● zuihou,diaochabaogaopingguquanqiudedianzizhengwuzhunbeigongzuo,renweizuizhongdemubiaorengranshishixian“zongtibaorongxing”fazhan。

    lianheguodianzizhengwudiaochabaogaoyoujingjiheshehuishiwubumeiliangnianchubanyici。zheishishijieshangweiyiyifenpingjia193 gelianheguochengyuanguodianzizhengwufazhanzhuangkuangdebaogao,shijuecezhelejiebendianzizhengwuyoushihebuzudegongju,bingnengzhidaoqizhidingdianzizhengwuzhengcehecelve。diaochabaogaomeizhangdouyouduidiaochashujudefenxi,bingqiangdiaodianzizhengwufazhanqushi、yiti、chuangxinshijianyijifazhanmianlindetiaozhanhejiyu,kegongzhengfuguanyuan、xuezhe、zhengfujianjigou、minjianshehuituanti、siyingbumenheguangdagongzhongcankao。

    2014 niandiaochabaogaofaxian,quyujianheguojiajiandianzizhengwufazhanzhuangkuangyouyuduozhongyuanyincunzaijudachayi。shourushuipingshihengliangguojiajingjinenglihefazhanshuipingdeyigetongyongzhibiao,yinciyehuiyingxiangdaodianzizhengwudefazhan。tongxinjichusheshi、jiaoyuzhichi,baokuoxinxitongxinjishunenglipeiyangdouyuyigeguojiadeshourushuipingxiangguan,zheixieyinsudequeshijiangzhiyuedianzizhengwudekaizhan。raner,yigeguojiadeshourushuipingbingbunengwanquantixiandianzizhengwudefazhanshuiping。xuduoguojiajinguanguominshourushuipingjiaodi,danquedalituijindianzizhengwudefazhan;haiyouyixieguojiajinguanguominshourushuipingjiaogao,yongyougaishanweilaifazhandedahaojihui,dianzizhengwushuipingqueluohouyuqitaguojia。

    chanyexinxiwangfabude《》xianshi,25 geguojiadedianzizhengwufazhanzhishu(egdi)“feichanggao”,shuzhizai0.75 dao1.00 zhijian 。yuwangqi《lianheguodianzizhengwudiaochabaogao》xiangtong,zhei25 geguojiazhongyou20 geguojiazai2012 nian《lianheguodianzizhengwudiaochabaogao》zhongtongyangpaizaiqian25 wei。ciwai,quyuxingbiaoxiantongyangfanyinglewangqi《lianheguodianzizhengwudiaochabaogao》deyanjiujieguo,zaizhei25 geguojiazhong,ouzhou64%(16 geguojia),yazhouzhan20%(5 geguojia),meizhou8% (2 geguojia),dayangzhouzhan8%(2 geguojia)。genju2012 shijieyinxingduiguojialeixingdehuafen,qian25 mingguojiadoushigaoshouruguojia。

    hanguoyiqichixudelingdaoliheduidianzizhengwuchuangxindezhongshi,zai2014 niandiaochabaogaozhongrengjubangshou。aodaliyahexinjiapofenliejinniandedierminghedisanming,yu2012 nianxiangbidoujinbumingxian。

2014 年EGDI 排名前25 位的国家

资料来源:加拿大28app官网下载_加拿大28官网_购彩平台

    paimingqian25 weideguojiayi0.8368 depingjunzhiyaoyaolingxianyuqitaguojia(quanqiupingjunzhiwei0.4721)。congguoqudaodangqianyizhiduitongxinjichusheshi、renlizibenhezaixianjianada28appguanwangxiazaijinxingtouzi,shidianzizhengwufazhanshuipinggaodezhuyaoyuanyinzhiyi。

按EGDI 分组的国家百分比

资料来源:加拿大28app官网下载_加拿大28官网_购彩平台

加拿大28app官网下载     shangtu=zhanshileyiegdi zhishufenzudeguojiadebaifenbi。zhiyou25 geguojia(13%)youfeichanggaodeegdi(dayu0.75);dabufenguojiashuyuzhongjianyilei,you62 geguojia(32%)egdi gao(zai0.5 dao0.75 zhijian);74 geguojia(38%)shuyu“zhongdeng”egdi zu(zai0.25dao0.5 zhijian)。biaoxianzuichadeyizuweidiegdi zu(xiaoyu0.25),you32 geguojia(17%)shuyuzheiyizu。guanchajieguoruxia:

    • gaoegdi hezhongdengegdi guojiayouhendadekongjianlaijixutigaoqidianzizhengwufazhanshuiping。tongguoqingxidecelve,duitongxinjichusheshijianada28appguanwangxiazaijinxingqiaomiaotouzi,duixiaoxue、zhongxuehegaodengjiaoyubuduantouziyijigenbenbiangezaixiangonggongjianada28appguanwangxiazai,zhengfunenggoujixudakuabuxiangqianmaijin。

    • zai“zhongdeng”egdi guojiazhong,dianzizhengwujianada28appguanwangxiazaiyuelaiyueyifuyuyidongshebeizheiyizaiti。

    • tongxinjichusheshiherenlizibendejuxianduidianzizhengwufazhantichulezuiyanjundetiaozhan,youqishigonggongziyuankuifadediegdi guojia。zheixieguojiashiyonggongyongdianhuatingheyoujuzhileidezhongjiequdaonenggougenghaodibangzhupinkunrenqunheruoshirenqunjiechubingshiyongdianzizhengwujianada28appguanwangxiazai。

加拿大28app官网下载     • yixiezhongdengegdi guojiahediegdi guojiadegongzhongwenhuashuipingdi,meiyoujieshouguojiaoyuhuoshoujiaoyunianxianjiaoshao,fangailezheixieguojiadedianzizhengwuqudekuayuexingfazhan。

    san、guojidianzizhengfufazhanqushi

    dianzizhengfuweilaifazhanqushi

加拿大28app官网下载     jinru21shiji,yifangmian,shijiejingjidequanqiuhuayuyitihua、nengyuanyuhuanjingwenti、gonggongweijishijiandepinfa、gongzhongcanyuyishidezengqiang、gongzhongduigonggongjianada28appguanwangxiazaixuqiudetigaodengduigeguozhengfuzhilitichulexindetiaozhan,tuidonggeguozhengfugaigebuduanzouxiangshenru。lingyifangmian,suizhexinxihetongxunjishudexunmengfazhan,chuxianleweb2.0、yidonghulian、yunjisuan、wulianwang、rengongzhinengdengyixiegemingxingdejishu,yeweidianzizhengfudejinyibufazhantigonglexindejishujichu。yinci,zaizhengfugaigebuduanshenru,xinjishubuduanfazhandeshuangzhongzuoyongxia,gedianzizhengfufadaguojiafenfentuichulebenguoxinyilundedianzizhengfufazhanzhanlve。

    meiguolianbangzhengfucioweiyuanhuiyu2011nian2yue8ribanbulelianbangzhengfuyunzhanlve(federal cloud computing strategy)。gaizhanlvezhizaijiejuemeiguolianbangzhengfudianzizhengfujichusheshishiyonglvdi、ziyuanxuqiufensan、xitongzhongfujianada28appguanwangxiazaiyanzhong、gongchengjianada28appguanwangxiazainanyuguanliyijijianada28appguanwangxiazaizhouqiguozhangdengwenti,yitigaozhengfudegongxinli。meiguolianbangtongxunweiyuanhui(fcc)gongbule《meiguokuandaishangwangjihua》(connecting america: the national broadband plan),zheifenkuandaishengjijihuayitigaowangsuweizhongxin,qiangdiaokuodawangluopujifanwei,bingjihuatengchugengduoboduanyongyuyidongjianada28appguanwangxiazai。

    xinjiapozhengfutichule“zhihuiguo2015”jihua,zaizheigeweiqishiniandelantukuangjiaxia,xinjiapotichulelianggejieduandedianzizhengfuguihua,yejiushidangqiandezhenghezhengfu2010(igov2010)jihuahexiayijieduan2011nianzhi2015niandedianzizhengfuzongtiguihua。rujinzhenghezhengfu2010(igov2010)jihuayijinweisheng,bingqudelelichengbeishidechengguo,tuichule1600duoxiangdianzizhengfujianada28appguanwangxiazai。xinjiapoxiayijieduan2011~2015niandedianzizhengfuzongtiguihuajiangjiezhuxinxingjishu,shunyingshehuifazhanqushi,yusiyingjigouhegonggongbumencaiquxindehezuomoshi。xinguihuadeyuanjingshijianliyigeyuguominhudong、gongtongchuangxindehezuoxingzhengfu。

    oumengzhengshiqidonglemingwei《ouzhou2011-2015dianzizhengfuguanlixingdongjihua: liyongxinxihetongxinjishucujinzhineng、kechixuhechuangxindezhengfuguanli》dejihua。zhengfuguanlixingdongjihuajiangyouzhuyugechengyuanguoxingzhengjigouliyongxinxihetongxinjishudeyoushi,tongguotigongdichengben、gaoshuipingdedianzizhengwujianada28appguanwangxiazai,jigongminheqiyedailaigengduodefangbian,tigaogongminheqiyedeshenghuoheshengchanshuiping。oumengjiangzai2015nianbashiyongdianzizhengwujianada28appguanwangxiazaidegongminheqiyedebilvfenbietigaodao50%he80%。

加拿大28app官网下载     congjinqigejigoufabudeshijiedianzizhengfufazhanzuixinpinggubaogaojiguojilingxianguojiadedianzizhengfufazhanqushihezuixinzhanlveguihuazhongkeyikanchu,suizhezhengfugaigedeshenruhexinxijishudefazhan,shijiegeguodianzizhengfudefazhanriyichengxianchuyixiajifangmiandefazhanqushi:

加拿大28app官网下载     1、jianada28appguanwangxiazaixingdianzizhengfu

加拿大28app官网下载     you“guanlixingzhengfu”xiang“jianada28appguanwangxiazaixingzhengfu”zhuanbianyichengwei21shijishijiegeguozhengfugaigededaqushi,jianada28appguanwangxiazaiyigongzhongweizhongxin、yigongzhongxuqiuweidaoxiang、yigongzhongmanyiduweipingjiabiaozhundejianada28appguanwangxiazaixingdianzizhengfu,shiweilaidianzizhengfufazhandezhuyaoqushi。jianada28appguanwangxiazaixingdianzizhengfuzhuzhongzaixinxijishujichushang,tongguozhengfuzuzhijiegoudezhongzuheyewuliuchengzaizao,zhenghezhengfuxinxihejianada28appguanwangxiazaiziyuan,goujiangonggongjianada28appguanwangxiazaitixi,tishengjianada28appguanwangxiazainengli,tigongyigongzhongweidaoxiangdeyizhanshijianada28appguanwangxiazai。

加拿大28app官网下载     2、canyuxingdianzizhengfu

加拿大28app官网下载     suizhegongmincanyuyishidezhubuzengqiang,tuokuanheshenhuadianzicanyudequdao,tishengzhengfudehuiyingnenglijiminzhu、kexuejueceyishiheshuiping,maixiangyuminxieshang,gongtongzhili,zhengfuyugongzhongshuangxianghudongdecanyuxingdianzizhengfu,shiweilaidianzizhengfufazhandezhuyaoqushi。chulemenhuwangzhanliuyanban、minyidiaocha、zaixiantoupiaodenggongzhongcanyuxingshiwai,dianzizhengfufadaguojiakaishichongfenjiezhuxinyidaihulianwangweb2.0、yidongwangluodengjishu,buduantuokuangongzhongdianzicanyuqudao。rumeiguozhengfuzaiqidiyimenhuwangzhan(www.usa.gov)shang,chongfenliyongfacebook、twitter、blog、rss、mobiledengxinjishulaijiaqiangzhengfuyugongzhongdehudong。

加拿大28app官网下载     3、quanqiuhuayuhezuohuadianzizhengfu

加拿大28app官网下载     shijiejingjiquanqiuhuayuyitihuadefazhan,tuidonglegeguozhengfuzhilidequanqiuhuayuhezuohua。weilaigeguodezhengfuzhili,xuyaotongguodianzizhengfuyushijieqitaguojiazhengfujinxingguangfanlianxihejinmihezuo,xuyaozhenghechuzhengfuziyuanwaidesuoyoushehuiziyuan。yinci,quanqiuhuayuhezuohuadianzizhengfuyichengweigeguoweilaidianzizhengfufazhandezhuyaoqushi。

    4、lvsedianzizhengfu

加拿大28app官网下载     nengyuanjinqueyuhuanjingwuranwenti,shiweilaigeguozhengfuzhilimianlindeyidatiaozhan。goujianditan、lvseyunxingdedianzizhengfu,shiweilaigeguodianzizhengfufazhandezhuyaoqushi。yunjisuanjishudefazhanweijiejuedianzizhengfujianada28appguanwangxiazaiguochengzhongdezhongfujianada28appguanwangxiazaihenengyuanxiaohaowentitigongleyouxiaotujing。dianzizhengfufadaguojiarumeiguo、hanguodengdoutichulefazhanlvsedianzizhengfudeyunjisuanzhanlve。

加拿大28app官网下载     5、zhinengdianzizhengfu

    weileyingduiquanqiuchengshifazhanmianlinderenkoupengzhang、jiaotongyongji、huanjingwuran、ziyuanjinquedengzhongdawenti,manzugongzhongriyigexinghuadejianada28appguanwangxiazaixuqiu,shixianzhengfuzhudongjianada28appguanwangxiazaimoshi,zengqiangshehuiguanlidejingzhunhua、zhinenghuashuiping,tigaozhengfuyingduitufashijiandenengli,jiyushujucangku、shujuwajue、zhishiguanli、wulianwang、juecezhichixitongdengzhinengjishu,fazhanzhihuichengshi、zhinengdianzizhengfuyichengweiweilaigeguodianzizhengfufazhandezhuyaoqushi。dianzizhengfufadaguojiayijiangzhinengdianzizhengfuzuoweiweilaidianzizhengfufazhandezhuyaomubiao。ruxinjiapozhengfutichude“zhihuiguo2015”guihua、hanguozhengfutichude“zhinenghanguosmartkorea”guihua。

    6、移动电子政府
随着移动网络技术、移动终端的飞速发展,越来越多的公众开始使用智能手机、i-pad等便携式移动终端获取政府加拿大28app官网下载。因此,将部分电子政府加拿大28app官网下载功能从固定网络转移到移动网络,发展无处不在的移动电子政府,是未来各国电子政府发展的主要趋势。

加拿大28app官网下载     (yi) dianzizhengwu“zhenghe”yujiazhongyao,qiechaozhexindefangxiangfazhan

    lianheguo2008niandiaochabaogaozhichu,dianzizhengwumuqianzhengmianlinzhejieduanxingzhuanbian,jicongyikaifadianzijianada28appguanwangxiazaiweizhongdiandediyijieduanxiangyizhengtizhiliweizhongdiandedierjieduandezhuanbian。zaizhuanbianguochengzhong,gegezhengfubumenzhijiandexiediaoyizhiyuelaiyuezhongyao,yineryaoqiugeguozhengfuzhububadianzizhengwudekaifazhongdiancongdanchundeyingyongzhuanxiangzhengfujianada28appguanwangxiazaidezhengheyuxiediao,zuizhongnengshixian“wufengzhenghe”delixiangzhuangtai。dianzizhengwu“zhenghe”qushizhuyaobiaoxianzai: (1)henduoguojiajijidajiandianzizhengwudingcengshejikuangjia,zhidaohebaozhangkuabumenjianada28appguanwangxiazaidetongyi、wufenglianjie。jinhou,dianzizhengwude“zhenghe”jiangzaidingcengshejikuangjiazhidaoxia,congzhengtiguihuachufa,buduandiwanshanxiangguandejishuhejianada28appguanwangxiazaibiaozhun,bingyinshenchuyixiliehoutaijianada28appguanwangxiazaixiangmudezhenghe;(2)jianada28appguanwangxiazaitongyidezhengfuyingyongxitongheyewuxietongpingtai。zaitongyidejichusheshi、zuzhijiagouhebiaozhun、zhengcezhidaoxia,jiangzhengfugebumenchuyuyunxingzhuangtaideyewuxitongjinxingxietonghezhenghe,chengweijinhoudianzizhengwu“wufenglianjie”deguanjian。biruoumengde“emayor”xingdongjihua,tongguokuabumendeziyuangongxiangyijizhenghehoutaijianada28appguanwangxiazai,weizhongxiaochengshishimintigonggengweibianlidegexinghuajianada28appguanwangxiazai;(3)jianlishujuziyuanguanlipingtai,duixinxiyuanjinxingzhenghe。yijutongyideshujucaiji、jiaohuan、fabubiaozhun,jiangxuyaogongxianghejiaohuandeshujujizhongdaoshujuziyuanguanlizhongxin,shixianshujudezhenghe、neirongdezhenghe,yijihouxuyingyongdezhenghe。hanguo2007nianwanchengdeguojiaxinxiziyuanguanlizhongxinxiangmujianada28appguanwangxiazai,jiangguoqufensanzai48gezhengfubumendexinxiziyuanzhenghedaoyigequanguoxingdexinxiziyuanhoutaixitongshang。(4)duixinxihejianada28appguanwangxiazaichuandiqudaojinxingzhenghe。genjuyonghuxuqiujianggebumendegongnenghejianada28appguanwangxiazaijichengqilai,tongguoduozhongqudaotigongjiyonghu,shiweilaijiniangonggongjianada28appguanwangxiazaizhenghefangmianderedianhenandian。meiguode“311shiminzonghejianada28appguanwangxiazai”shiyigedianxingdejianada28appguanwangxiazaiqudaozhengheanli。yingguoyetichuxiaojian90%dezhengfuzhanshuliang,jiangjianada28appguanwangxiazaihebingdaoshaoshujigezonghejianada28appguanwangxiazaiwangzhanshang。

    (er)zhongshi“xiaoneng”,tuijinzhengfuchuangxinchengweiredian

    suizhedianzizhengwudebuduanshenhuafazhan,dianzizhengwuyuzhengfuchuangxinyijinggouchenglecujindeguanxi。xinxingxinxihuajishu、liniandefazhan,yijiquanqiujingji、qihoudahuanjingdebianhua,shidianzizhengwujianada28appguanwangxiazaizai“xiaoneng”hetuijinzhengfuchuangxinfangmiandouyouzhexindefazhanhefangxiang: (1)zhengfu“yunjisuan”zhongxingainianshengxing。xuduofadaguojiakaishituixingzuoweiitjiaofumoshidexinxingshiwu--yunjisuan,tongguojishushouduanshixianruanyingjianziyuan、yingyonghejianada28appguanwangxiazaidedaguimojizhong,jiezhuwangluoweigerenheqiyetigongbianjie、lianjiadeyuanchengyingyonghejianada28appguanwangxiazai,congerjiangdichengben,tigaoxiaoneng。meiguozhengfufabude2010nianyusuanwenjian,zizhulezhongduoshidiantuixingyunjisuanxiangmu,jiecixiwangnengjiejuedianzizhengwuanquan、xingnenghechengbensandaguanjianwenti;(2)dazao“lvsezhengfu”,fazhangexianghuanjingyouhaoxingyuzhichikechixufazhanxingdongchengweidianzizhengwudeyidazhongdian。congguojilaikan,huanjingbaohuzaiquanqiudexingqi,shihuanjingwenhuagouchengleguojizhengzhiguanxizhongxindeyinsu。jinxienian,jianada、meiguo、yingguo、aodaliyadengfenfentuichulvsezhengfujihua。hanguozhengfuyu2009niantourujuzitongguoshidalvseitxiangmu,kaizhan“lvseitzhanlve”。haowuyiwen,dazao“lvsedianzizhengwu”jiangshijinhouquanqiudianzizhengwujianada28appguanwangxiazaidezhongdianfangxiang;(3)zhongshidianzizhengwuxiangmujixiaopinggu,guanzhugonggongjianada28appguanwangxiazaideshijiyingyong。muqian,dianzizhengwujianada28appguanwangxiazaitouru、chanchuhexiaoguodezonghepingguyichengweidianzizhengwujianada28appguanwangxiazaizhongbibukeshaodeyigehuanjie,xuduoguojiadouyuelaiyuezhongshiduidianzizhengwuxiangmuhegonggongjianada28appguanwangxiazaidejixiaopinggu。biru,oumengzhuanmenchutaile《2007~2010niantishengdianzizhengwuxiaolvhexiaonengdeguanjianxingdongjihua》,zuoweizhidaooumengtishengdianzizhengwudexiaolvhexiaonengdelichengbeishidewenjian。

加拿大28app官网下载     (san)dazao“fanzaiwangluo”、“zhihuichengshi”chengweixinxishehuijianada28appguanwangxiazaifangxiang

    muqian,“fanzaiwang”、“zhihuichengshi”、“zhihuidiqiu”dengyixilieguanyurenleishenghuohuanjinggaokejihuadegainianzhengzaiquanqiuliuzhuan,bingyuelaiyueshenrudaorenmenderichangshenghuo。dazao“wusuobuzai”dewangluo,jianada28appguanwangxiazai“fanzaixinxishehui”zhengchengweiyuelaiyueduoguojiaxinxihuajianada28appguanwangxiazaidefangxiang。2007nian5yuezhaokaidefushiluntanjiumingquezhichu,shijiejiangjinrufanzaixinxishehui。ribenhehanguoyefenfentichu“u-japan”、“u-korea”fazhanzhanlve。biaomingjinhouzhengfutigonggonggongjianada28appguanwangxiazaijiangyoudianzijianada28appguanwangxiazaizhuanxiangfanzaijianada28appguanwangxiazai,jiyoujiyuhulianwangdefensandejianada28appguanwangxiazaiqudaozhuanbianweijiezhuduozhongbianxiezhongduantigongjianada28appguanwangxiazai,youweigongzhongtigongbiaozhunhuadejiandanjianada28appguanwangxiazaizhuanbianweitigongkehuhuadezhinengjianada28appguanwangxiazai,zhubuxiaochu“shuzihonggou”,wanzhengditixian“fanzai”wangluodeyiyi。tongshi,jiezhu“wuchubuzai”dewangluoshijie,renleikaishifuyuzijisuoshiyongdelaodonggongjuyiganzhihejiaohuanxinxidenengli,you“xinxihua”xiang“zhinenghua”fangxiangfazhan。“zhihuichengshi”bujinjinshiitdegainian,gengtixianleyigechengshihuoguojiakechixufazhandenengli。yiju“zhihui”celvedezhidao,zaichengshifazhanguochengzhong,zaiqiguanxiadehuanjing、gongyongshiye、chengshijianada28appguanwangxiazai、gongminhechanyefazhanzhong,chongfenliyongxinxitongxinjishu,zhihuidiganzhi、fenxi、jichengxinxi,tishengzhengfuzaijingjidiaojie、shichangjianguan、shehuiguanlihegonggongjianada28appguanwangxiazaidengzhinengxiaoneng,chuangzaoyigegenghaodeshenghuo、gongzuo、xiuxiheyuledeshehuihuanjing。2009nian5yue,ruidianshoudousidegeermohuodelemeiguozhinengshequluntanbanfade“nianduzhinengchengshi”jiang。

    (si)tuokuanwangluojianada28appguanwangxiazaiqudaochengweidianzizhengwucujinminzhujianada28appguanwangxiazaixinmoshi

    jiezhuxinxitongxinjishutigaozhengfujuecedekexuexinghetoumingdu,shidianzizhengwujianada28appguanwangxiazaidezhuzhizhiyi。hulianwangdeyingyongtuokuanlegongzhongcanyuzhengfujuecedequdao,suoduanlegongzhongyujuecezhezhijiandejuli。jinliangnian,yuelaiyueduodeguojiahezuzhikaishizaidianzizhengwujianada28appguanwangxiazaizhongzengjiaminyidiaocha,liyongzaixianfangshirangminzhonggengduodicanzhengyizheng。bokezuoweiweb2.0jishudedianxingyingyong,yiqikaifangxing、hudongxingyingdelezhongduoyonghudeqinglai,qifazhanbeishouguanzhu。aodaliya、meiguo、oumengdengguojiahezuzhifenfenjiangbokeyingyongdaodianzizhengwujianada28appguanwangxiazaizhong。biru,meiguozhengfumenhuwangzhanusa.gov(www.usa.gov)shangxinzenglezhengfubokelanmuour blog,oumengdianzizhengwuzhengcemenhuwangzhanepracticeyezengjialebokelanmu。2008nian,aobamajiezhuhulianwangxuanchuanchenggongjingxuanmeiguozongtongyezaiyicizhengminglewangluoqudaozaizhengfuyugongzhongjianada28appguanwangxiazaizhongdiweihezuoyong。keyiyujian,“yigongzhongweizhongxin”dedianzizhengwujianada28appguanwangxiazai,biranhuiduiminzhujianada28appguanwangxiazaiqidaoyuelaiyuedadetuidongzuoyong。weilaijinian,geguozailiyongdianzizhengwushouduanjiaqiangminzhujianada28appguanwangxiazaifangmianjiangyougengduojucuo。



加拿大28app官网下载_加拿大28官网_购彩平台 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28网站|信誉无忧 加拿大28app官网下载_加拿大28预测|信誉首选 加拿大28app官网下载_加拿大28官网-购彩平台 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28预测|信誉首选 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28-信誉首选 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大28官方网站_官方网址 加拿大28app官网下载_加拿大28预测|信誉无忧 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28预测_购彩平台 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大28软件-信誉首选 加拿大28app官网下载_加拿大28预测|官方网址